No such file or directory – python Fixed

Troubleshooting the “No Such File or Directory” Error in Python”

Sometimes you face an error message “No such file or directory” in Python. This error means that the Python interpreter is unable to locate the file or directory you are trying to access in your code. This can happen for various reasons, and understanding the root cause is important for resolving the issue. In this article, we will discuss the major reasons behind this error and possible methods to solve this error. Let’s get started!

Common Reasons of Error

The most common reasons behind the error No Such File or Directory error in Python are as follows:

Incorrect File Path

The most common reason for this error is specifying an incorrect file path. If the file or directory you are trying to access does not exist at the location you provided, then Python will raise this error.

Typo in the File Name or Path

A simple typographical error, such as a misspelled file name or an incorrect path separator can also raise this error.

Working Directory Issue

Sometimes, the error occurs because Python is looking for the file or directory in a different location than where it actually exists. This can happen if you have not set the working directory correctly before working.

Always, make sure you have file access.

File Permissions

If user do not have the required permissions to access a file or directory, then Python will also raise this error.


The most common methods to solve the error “No Such File or Directory” error in Python are as follows;

Solution 1: Verify File Existence

If you are trying to open or manipulate a file that doesn’t exist in the specified location, Python will raise the “No such file or directory” error. To fix this, you should double-check the file’s existence and provide the correct path. The following code will help you to get know about the existence of file at a specific location. If the file will exists then it will display the file output otherwise it will display error message.

import os
# Define the file path (using correct path separators)
file_path = os.path.join("my_folder", "my_subfolder", "my_file.txt")
# Check if the file exists before opening it
if os.path.exists(file_path):
        # Open and read the file
        with open(file_path, 'r') as file:
            file_contents =
        print(f"File contents:\n{file_contents}")
    except IOError as e:
        print(f"An error occurred while reading the file: {e}")
    print(f"The file '{file_path}' does not exist.")

The above code will display following output as shown in the image.

The file 'my_folder/my_subfolder/my_file.txt' does not exist.

Solution 2: Choose Absolute Over Relative Paths

The absolute file paths provides an exact location for the file and reducing chances of errors related to working directory.

Absolute Path: An absolute file path specifies the complete location of a file or directory from the root directory of the file system. It provides an unambiguous way to identify the file’s location.


Relative Path: A relative file path specifies the location of a file or directory relative to the current working directory. It doesn’t start from the root directory but is based on the program’s current context.


Solution 3: Validate Working Directory

Always confirm that Python is running from the correct working directory. You can print the current working directory to double-check as shown in the following code.

Can this error occur when working with remote files or network paths?
Yes, this error can occur with remote files or network paths if the specified path is incorrect or if there are connectivity issues with the remote server or network re
import os

# Get the current working directory
current_directory = os.getcwd()
print(f"Current working directory: {current_directory}")

# Use relative paths based on the current working directory
file_name = "file.txt"
file_path = os.path.join(current_directory, file_name)

    with open(file_path, 'r') as file:
        # File processing code here
except FileNotFoundError:
    print(f"The file '{file_path}' does not exist.")

The above code will display the output as follows.

Current working directory: /content


The “No such file or directory” error in Python mostly occur when the users mistype file names or path. It’s recommended to always double-check your file paths, use absolute paths when possible, verify working directories, and handle exceptions gracefully. For more details related to Python folders and directly visit the official documentation. I hope this article will help to solve your issues.