Dataframe object has no attribute ix

Understanding the “Dataframe Object Has No Attribute ix” Error in Python

If you are getting error Dataframe object has no attribute ‘ix’ while working with the dataframes, then you are at right place. In this article, we’ll discuss what this error means, why it occurs, and how to fix it in simple and easy-to-understand terms. Let’s get started and start what this error means.
When you see the error message Dataframe object has no attribute ‘ix in Python, it means that you are trying to use the ‘ix’ attribute on a DataFrame, but Pandas does not recognize it. The ‘ix’ attribute is available in older versions of Pandas, but it has been deprecated and removed in more recent versions. The following code example also demonstrate how this error occur due to deprecated versions.

import pandas as pd
data = {'A': [1, 2, 3], 'B': [4, 5, 6]}
df = pd.DataFrame(data)
row_label = 0
column_label = 'A'
value_ix = df.ix[row_label, column_label]
print("Value using 'ix':", value_ix)

The above code will display following output as shown in the image as well.

'DataFrame' object has no attribute 'ix' 
Why was ‘ix’ deprecated in Pandas?
‘ix’ was deprecated because it was ambiguous and error-prone. It could lead to unexpected behavior in certain cases, so Pandas developers recommended using ‘loc’ for label-based indexing and ‘iloc’ for integer-based indexing for clarity and consistency.

Common Causes of the Error

Reason 1: Outdated Pandas Version

If you are using code that was written for an older version of Pandas, it might still reference the ‘ix’ attribute, which is no longer available in newer Pandas versions.

Caution: ix attribute is not available in version 0.20.0 and later

Reason 2: Code Compatibility

If you are using code or tutorials from the internet, make sure it is up-to-date with the version of Pandas you are using. Older code snippets may still use ‘ix’ even though it’s deprecated.

Reason 3: Incorrect Attribute Name

It’s possible that there is a typo or a misunderstanding in your code, and you are mistakenly trying to access an attribute that doesn’t exist in Pandas.


To resolve the “Dataframe object has no attribute ‘ix'” error, you should update your code to use the appropriate DataFrame access methods available in the version of Pandas you are using. Following are the some solutions that you must implement.

Solution 1: Replace ‘ix’ with ‘loc’ or ‘iloc’

In modern Pandas versions, you should use ‘loc’ for label-based indexing and ‘iloc’ for integer-based indexing instead of ‘ix.’ Update your code to use these alternatives.

  • To access rows and columns by label, use df.loc[row_label, column_label].
  • To access rows and columns by integer position, use df.iloc[row_position, column_position].

Here are code examples demonstrating how to replace ‘ix’ with ‘loc’ and ‘iloc’ for DataFrame indexing:

import pandas as pd
# Sample DataFrame
data = {'A': [1, 2, 3], 'B': [4, 5, 6]}
df = pd.DataFrame(data)
# Using 'loc' for label-based indexing
value_loc = df.loc[row_label, column_label]
# Using 'iloc' for integer-based indexing
row_position = 0
column_position = 0
value_iloc = df.iloc[row_position, column_position]
print("Value using 'loc':", value_loc)
print("Value using 'iloc':", value_iloc)

The above code will display following output as shown in the image as well.

Value using 'loc': 1
Value using 'iloc': 1
Are there any performance differences between ‘ix’ and ‘loc’/’iloc’? ‘ix’ may be slower in certain cases because it needs to determine whether an index is a label or a position. ‘loc’ and ‘iloc’ are more explicit and can be more efficient.

Solution 2: Upgrade Pandas

If you are using an outdated version of Pandas and need to use the ‘ix’ attribute for some reason, consider upgrading Pandas to a more recent version. However, it’s recommended to transition your code to use ‘loc’ and ‘iloc’ for better compatibility and future-proofing. Suppose you are using following

Solution 3: Refer to Documentation

Consult the official Pandas documentation for information on DataFrame indexing methods and best practices.


The Dataframe object has no attribute ‘ix’ error in Pandas is related to deprecated functionality. By updating your code to use ‘loc’ and ‘iloc’ for DataFrame indexing, you can avoid this error and ensure your data analysis scripts are compatible with modern Pandas versions. Always keep your Pandas library up-to-date and refer to the official Pandas documentation for guidance on the latest features and best practices.